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3 (Aug. 1982), pp. 118-123. DOI: 10.1186/s40494-015-0061-2. Available online. The most stable oxidation state for manganese is +2, which has a pale pink color, and many manganese(II) compounds are known, such as manganese(II) sulfate (MnSO 4) and manganese(II) chloride (MnCl 2). Manganese(III) oxide is a chemical compound with the formula Mn 2 O 3. Manganese oxide (MnO) NPs are widely used in contaminant sensing, drug delivery, data storage, catalysis and biomedical imaging. This blackish or brown solid occurs naturally as the mineral pyrolusite, which is the main ore of manganese and a component of manganese nodules. 118-123. The ancient Egyptians used manganese compounds to add color … : Mn 4+ enters early-forming phases in igneous rocks. When oxygenic photosynthesis evolved is debated with an uncertainty of approximately 1 Gy. The excessive alkali of precipitate was removed by washing with HCl followed by rinsing with double-deionized water. Lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt Oxide (NMC) is generally immediately available in most volumes. Nickel Manganese Oxide Description. Manganese black was in use in European oil painting since the nineteenth century (1,2). Manganese oxide (MnO x)-based OER catalysts provide an alternative to the high-cost catalysts because of their earth abundance, non-toxicity, low cost and versatile redox properties. Geochemistry of Manganese; Goldschmidt classification: Siderophile: Mn 2+ was one of the ions least depleted from the mantle in the formation of the crust. This compound shows a similar composition to the actual manganese black. For over 2000 years manganese dioxide has been used to make colorless glass. The principal use for MnO 2 is for dry-cell batteries, such as the alkaline battery and the zinc-carbon battery. Composites of LiMn2O4 nanoparticles in a 3D-graphene matrix have been prepared to address the low electronic conductivity issue of the Li Mn2O4 cathode. Manganese(IV) oxide is the inorganic compound with the formula MnO 2. Another interesting quality of manganese is that it is easily oxidized, which makes it produce more than thirty known manganese oxide or hydroxide minerals. We show that anoxic, abiotic oxidation of the mineral rhodochrosite (MnCO3) by UV light … Almost 100% of the initial capacity can be retained after 500 cycles at a 1°C discharge rate using the nanoporous nanosheets as a cathode, whereas at a discharge rate of 25°C, the capacity retention is about 86% of the initial capacity after 500 cycles [87]. DOI: 10.1186/s40494-015-0061-2. manganese oxide color, Find Quality manganese oxide color and Buy manganese oxide color from Reliable Global manganese oxide color Suppliers from mobile site on m.alibaba.com Spinel lithium manganese oxide (LiMn2O4) has been considered as an alternative cathode material for commercial LiCoO2 in batteries, because of its abundant and cheaper resources, environmental benignity, and better safety. 27, No. Chem. Nickel Manganese Oxide is a highly thermally stable electrode material used in the newest generation of rechargeable lithium-ion batteries. These include Manganese(II) oxide, MnO (aka Ferrite Grade); Manganese(II,III) oxide, Mn 3 O 4; Manganese(III) oxide, Mn 2 O 3; Manganese dioxide, (manganese(IV) oxide), MnO 2; Manganese(VI) oxide, MnO 3; Manganese(VII) oxide, Mn 2 O 7; Other manganese oxides include Mn 5 O 8, Mn 7 O 12 and Mn 7 O 13. Sun et al. In fact, the real reason the glass decolorizes is complementary colors. Marcela Sepúlveda, Sebastián Gutiérrez, Marcelo Campos Vallette, Vivien G. Standen, Bernardo T. Arriaza and José J. Cárcamo-Vega, Micro-Raman spectral identification of manganese oxides black pigments in an archaeological context in Northern Chile, Heritage Science 2015, 3:32. The 3D-graphene/LiMn2O4 electrode shows higher discharge capacity and rate capability than the pristine LiMn2O4 electrode, which is attributed to the high surface area of LiMn2O4 nanoparticles and good electronic conductivity of graphene [84]. A nanochain of LiMn2O4 was prepared by a sol–gel method using an aqueous solution of metal salts containing starch. In this study, a natural manganese oxide (MnOx) was investigated for the first time to eliminate dark color and recalcitrant DOC caused by melanoidins in molasses distillery wastewater after anaerobic digestion. The raw vinasse from molasses was obtained from Nordzucker AG, Braunschweig Germany. There are lots of classes of enzymes that have manganese cofactors. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. ColourLex is being supported by the cogito foundation. Materials and methods 2.1. C 119 (2015) 27569, Copyright (2015) American Chemical Society. Product Name: Manganese Oxide Powder Product Number: All applicable American Elements product codes, e.g. IDENTIFICATION. 3 (Aug., 1982), pp. Heating MnO 2 in air at below 800 °C produces α-Mn 2 O 3 (higher temperatures produce Mn 3 O 4). Available. (4) B. Guineau, M. Lorblanchet, B. Gratuze, L. Dulin, P. Roger, R. Akrich, Fabrice Muller, Manganese Black Pigments in Prehistoric Paintings: the Case of the Black Frieze of Pech Merle (France), Archaeometry, Wiley, 2001, 43, pp.211-225. The BET surface area of the synthesized HMO is calculated to be 359 m2/g. Preparation and chemistry. Manganese compounds have been used since ancient times – the first utilization of manganese can be dated back to the Stone Age. Manganese, when compared to cobalt or copper, is a fairly weak colorant. The manganese oxides provided by African Pegmatite largely find their use in the bricks and ceramic space, affording rich brown colourations to the finished product, with some added benefits in terms of handling and lifetime. Gadde and Laitinen [180] synthesized HMO by mixing manganese nitrate with alkaline sodium permanganate solution and redispersing the particles in sodium nitrate solution. The pigment is stable in acids and alkalis and also at high temperatures, shows excellent lightfastness, and is compatible with all other pigments. Black manganese dioxide is more often used in slips and clay bodies, where its coarseness yields spots and splotches. 4 Manganese (Mn) is a natural choice for OER as a Mn-based complex is the OER unit in the process of photosynthesis (PS II). Browse 19 manganese oxide stock photos and images available, or start a new search to explore more stock photos and images. 2. Manganese compounds have been used as pigments to color ceramics and glass. doi: <10.1111/1475-4754.00015>. . Pigments in Context – Art Teacher Resources, Paintings in Context – Art Teacher Resources, Painters in Context – Art Teacher Resources. Manganese oxide is any of a variety of manganese oxides and hydroxides. Pan and coworkers synthesized nanometer tubular PANI using crystal-oxidative manganese oxides as a … The substrates of many organic contaminants can decompose and change color during treatment. (5) Marcela Sepúlveda, Sebastián Gutiérrez, Marcelo Campos Vallette, Vivien G. Standen, Bernardo T. Arriaza and José J. Cárcamo-Vega, Micro-Raman spectral identification of manganese oxides black pigments in an archaeological context in Northern Chile, Heritage Science 2015, 3:32. Not all umber pigments contain natural earths; some contain synthetic iron and manganese oxide, indicated on the label. HMO chooses metal adsorption in the order of Pb2+ > Cd2+ > Zn2+, which might rest on the different softness of these metals [181]. Black pigments containing manganese were found in Etruscan (3) and even prehistoric (4,5,6) artworks. yMnO 2, were pioneer positive electrode materials for lithium battery and are still used as positive electrodes for lithium batteries.M. Birnessites of two different colors (brown and black) were obtained in this work. 27, No. Pigments sorted by     Colour  |  Type  |  First date of use   |  Elements  |  Pigment timelines. Buy Lithium Manganese Oxide collection at a low price. Hexagonal and cubic phases of manganese oxide mesoporous structures (MOMS) have been prepared by means of the oxidation of Mn(OH)2. The heavy metal sorption onto HMOs (including Pb(II), Zn(II), and Cd(II)) usually forms the inner-sphere complex, and it can be explained by an ion exchange process. It is used as a reagent in organic synthesis, for example, for the oxidation of To appreciate a work of art in all its implications, one has to understand the technique of the painter and to know the materials used in its creation. Manganese oxide (MnO), Manganese dioxide (MnO2), Manganese (IV) oxide. You can easily wholesale quality manganese dioxide at wholesale prices on Made-in-China.com. The pigment is stable in acids and alkalis and also at high temperatures, shows excellent lightfastness, and is compatible with all other pigments. It is toxic; handle with caution, using all safety precautions. It is generally assumed that the oxidation of manganese minerals requires biological catalysis or molecular oxygen and therefore is often used as a proxy for the presence of oxygenic photosynthetic organisms. Chemical reagents in test tubes: nickel chloride, zinc sulfate, manganese sulfate, copper sulfate, iron oxide of black color. Experimental 2.1. In high-alkaline glazes, manganese yields rich blue-purple … Storage conditions This product should be stored in dry, cool and sealing of the environment, can not be exposure to air, in addition should avoid the heavy pressure, according to ordinary goods transportation. The temperature (40 or 70 ºC) at which the H 2 O 2 (29% m m -1) was added to the reaction medium did not influence the color, while the slow addition (dropwise) of hydrogen peroxide favored a black precipitate. γ-Mn 2 O 3 can be produced by oxidation followed by dehydration of manganese(II) hydroxide. Materials. Manganese black is a mixed oxide of manganese and iron. DOI: 10.1186/s40494-015-0061-2. Umber earth pigments contain between five and twenty percent manganese oxide, which accounts for their being a darker color than yellow ochre or sienna. Commercial colors vary depending upon the manufacturer or the color list. Composition and Properties of Manganese Black Manganese black is a mixed oxide of manganese and iron. (6)  Chalmin, Emilie; Menu, Michel; Vignaud, Colette, Analysis of rock art painting and technology of Palaeolithic painters, Measurement Science and Technology 14 (9): 1590–1597. MnO 2 is also used as a pigment and as a precursor to other manganese compounds, such as KMnO 4. Explore {{searchView.params.phrase}} by color family {{familyColorButtonText(colorFamily.name)}} H2O with NaClO solution. Catalyst preparation 2.1.1. Recently, manganese oxide NMs has been found to exhibit a pollution control application with reactivity similar to laccase and phenol oxidase containing enzymes. Comparing manganese dioxide prices. Compared with the rod-like copper manganese oxide (RCMO) and granulated copper manganese oxide (GCMO) references, it was proved that the catalytic performance of the LCMO could be greatly improved by its higher surface area and the bridged monoclinic-tetragonal phase interface. As the name of a black mineral, oxide of manganese (used from ancient times in glassmaking for removing coloring matter), from French, , alteration or corruption of Medieval Latin. Marcela Sepúlveda, Sebastián Gutiérrez, Marcelo Campos Vallette, Vivien G. Standen, Bernardo T. Arriaza and José J. Cárcamo-Vega, , Heritage Science 2015, 3:32. demonstrated a facile template-free route to synthesize nanoporous LiMn2O4 nanosheets composed of single-crystalline LiMn2O4 nanorods with exposed {111} facets via an in situ lithiation of ultrathin MnO2 nanosheets. SECTION 1. The hexagonal MOMS materials form a hexagonal array of pores with an open porous structure, thick walls (1.7 nanometers), and exceptional thermal stability (1000°C). Available online. As the name of a black mineral, oxide of manganese (used from ancient times in glassmaking for removing coloring matter), from French manganèse (16c. Manganese dioxide is occurred naturally in blackish brown in color and with purity of 60% Mno2 up to 85% Mno2.these minerals are used in 2. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128141342000097, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128167700000289, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780081025727000088, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128095515000072, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128188217000075, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128148297000057, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128158890000076, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780081027264000107, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128184899000074, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128195529000154, Noble Metal-Metal Oxide Hybrid Nanoparticles, 2019, Noble Metal–Manganese Oxide Hybrid Nanocatalysts, Noble Metal-Metal Oxide Hybrid Nanoparticles, Nanomaterial-based adsorbents for wastewater treatment. Test tubes with inorganic reagents … It is worth noting that charge transfer processes associated with a redistribution of electrons at the MnO/MePc interface may imply, due to specific attributes of, Polyaniline-Based Composites and Nanocomposites, Polyaniline Blends, Composites, and Nanocomposites, Nanocatalyst-based catalytic oxidation processes, Water Treatment Devices Based on Zero-Valent Metal and Metal Oxide Nanomaterials, Vicente de Oliveira Sousa Neto, ... Ronaldo Ferreira do Nascimento, in, Nanomaterials Applications for Environmental Matrices, Forrez et al., 2009; Forrez, Carballa et al., 2011, 2D Material-Based Hybrid Nanostructure for Diagnosis and Therapy, Biomedical Applications of Graphene and 2D Nanomaterials, Yulia Arinicheva, ... Valérie Pralong, in, Advanced Ceramics for Energy Conversion and Storage, Adsorption processes for the removal of contaminants from wastewater, Nanomaterials for the Detection and Removal of Wastewater Pollutants, Emerging anode and cathode functional materials for lithium-ion batteries, Nanostructured, Functional, and Flexible Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage Systems. The LiMn2O4 nanowire electrode exhibited excellent rate capability and cycling stability viz. Manganese is depleted from metamorphic and igneous rocks by interaction with groundwater and surface water. doi: <10.1111/1475-4754.00015>. These large capacities at high current rates arise from the nanowire morphology and the high quality of the single crystal which can shorten the diffusion lengths of both the lithium and electrons [85]. It is a black to brown-colored material that occurs naturally as the mineral pyrolusite (see Figure 1). Reprinted (adapted) with permission from M. Glaser, H. Peisert, H. Adler, M. Polek, J. Uihlein, P. Nagel, M. Merz, S. Schuppler, T. Chassé, J. Phys. Biological role. The idea of ColourLex is centered around the common ground between science and art. Green chemistry based synthesis of NPs is preferred due to its ecofriendly nature. Alagar Ramar, Fu-Ming Wang, in Nanostructured, Functional, and Flexible Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage Systems, 2020. It is sometimes incorrectly stated that the manganese dioxide oxidizes the iron (II) oxide to iron (III) oxide; with a corresponding color change from intense green to pale yellow – and the pale yellow is too faint to be seen. Colors that are directly opp… Encontre fabricantes de Óxido De Manganês Cor, fornecedores de Óxido De Manganês Cor e produtos de Óxido De Manganês Cor de alta qualidade com o melhor preço no Alibaba.com (1) Nicholas Eastaugh, Valentine Walsh, Tracey Chaplin, Ruth Siddall, Pigment Compendium, Routledge, 2008, p. 255. B. Guineau, M. Lorblanchet, B. Gratuze, L. Dulin, P. Roger, R. Akrich, Fabrice Muller, Manganese Black Pigments in Prehistoric Paintings: the Case of the Black Frieze of Pech Merle (France), Archaeometry, Wiley, 2001, 43, pp.211-225. (2) Kühn, H. Pigmente in den Gemälden der Schack-Galerie, Doerner Institut, 1975. Alibaba.com features the purest and top-class manganese oxide price solutions from leading sellers who excel in delivering high-quality products worth your money. MN-OX-02 , MN-OX-03 , MN-OX-04 , MN-OX-05 CAS #: 1344-43-0 Relevant identified uses of the substance: Scientific research and development Supplier details: American Elements 10884 Weyburn Ave. synthesized high-quality single crystalline LiMn2O4 nanowires by using Na0.44MnO2 nanowires as a self-template. 3 (Aug. 1982), pp. François Schweizer and Anne Rinuy, Manganese Black as an Etruscan Pigment, Studies in Conservation, Vol. Green synthesis of NPs is important due to increased concern of environmental pollution. Tetravalent manganese is used as an activator in phosphors that glow red. Manganese dioxide (MnO2) can be found in nature as the mineral pyrolusite. (3) François Schweizer and Anne Rinuy, Manganese Black as an Etruscan Pigment, Studies in Conservation, Vol. the average discharge capacity at the current rate of 10°C was around 105 mAh/g and those at 60 and 150°C were around 100 and 78 mAh/g, respectively. Manganese dioxide (MnO2) is an inorganic compound. These are the cubic green crystal insoluble in water and but soluble in acids. doi:10.1088/0957-0233/14/9/310. The BET surface area is calculated to be 100.5 m2/g. Manganese oxide is also used in Portland cement mixtures. The reduction of the nitrobenzene is complete after 7 hours and the ratio between the quantities of iron and manganese is 8.3:1. : Mn 2+ enters early-forming phases in igneous rocks. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. ), from Italian manganese, alteration or corruption of Medieval Latin magnesia.From Online Etymology Dictionary. Nano manganese oxide Mn2O3 powder mainly used as Electronic components, bleaching agent, catalyst, voltage sensitive material, etc. Manganese dioxide was used as a pigment for cave paintings during the upper paleolithic period 17,000 years ago. , Studies in Conservation, Vol. About product and suppliers: manganese oxide price solutions are extremely important for distinct industries to serve a variety of multiple purposes. PowerPoint Presentations on paintings and painters, their painting technique, and pigments used in their artworks. 27, No. The nanochain LiMn2O4 cathode showed reversible capacity of 100 mAh/g at 100 mA/g (about 1°C) and 58 mAh/g even at a charge rate of 20°C. : Mn 3+ enters early-forming phases in igneous rocks. Divalent metals on HMO follow two similar steps: (1) rapid adsorption of metal ions onto the external surface and (2) a slow intraparticle diffusion along the micropore walls [101]. This compound shows a similar composition to the actual manganese black. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Hosono et al. The adsorption can be well explained by the Freundlich model than the Langmuir model, signifying that the active sites of HMO surface are heterogeneous for metal sorption. In addition, when the cathode is charged at 1°C, 70 mAh/g (70% capacity at 1°C) can be achieved even at a discharge rate of 50°C, with a cut-off voltage of 3.0 V [86]. However, LiMn2O4 suffers from severe capacity fading because of Mn dissolution into the electrolyte and Jahn–Teller distortion, and the low intrinsic conductivity [83]. Lithium Manganese Oxide available in all sizes ranges for research and Industrial application. : Mn 3+ is commonly concentrated in residual soils and sediments. 118-123. In addition to the LiMn2O4 nanoparticles, extensive efforts have also been devoted to developing other LiMn2O4 nanostructures. Manganese oxides are a broad range of compounds with a wide variety of uses well beyond being used as a source of manganese metal. Glass is made from sand (silica) and most sand contains iron (II) oxide, which naturally gives glass a green color. Manganese oxide has the advantages of low cost, natural abundance, environmental friendship, and interesting electrochemical performance in the application, which make it look more promising in research [118].Many kind of manganese oxides/PANI have been synthesized in recent years. This oxidation state is also seen in the … ( 1,2 ) to serve a variety of multiple purposes iron and manganese oxide photos. Is a highly thermally stable electrode material used in contaminant sensing, drug delivery, data storage, catalysis biomedical... Magnesia.From Online Etymology Dictionary efforts have also been devoted to developing other LiMn2O4 nanostructures storage,! Purest and top-class manganese oxide Description p. 255 since ancient times – the first utilization manganese. Solutions from leading sellers who excel in delivering high-quality products worth your money electrodes for lithium and! Contaminant sensing, drug delivery, data storage, catalysis and biomedical imaging Italian manganese when! Start a new search to explore more stock photos and images Etymology Dictionary are a broad range compounds! Photos and images is a fairly weak colorant 1 Gy Portland cement mixtures phosphors that glow red nanowires by Na0.44MnO2! Nps is preferred due to increased concern of environmental pollution between science Art... Pyrolusite ( see Figure 1 ) Nicholas Eastaugh, Valentine Walsh, Tracey Chaplin Ruth., using all safety precautions Anne Rinuy, manganese yields rich blue-purple … dioxide... Product Number: all applicable American Elements product codes, e.g industries to a. Sensing, drug delivery, data storage, catalysis and biomedical imaging, copyright ( 2015 ) 27569, (... Fu-Ming Wang, in Nanostructured, Functional, and pigments used in their artworks of ColourLex is centered around common. Oxygenic photosynthesis evolved is debated with an uncertainty of approximately 1 Gy heating MnO is. Containing starch a 3D-graphene matrix have been used to make colorless glass such as the alkaline battery the. A variety of uses well beyond being used as positive electrodes for batteries.M... Contaminants can decompose and change color during treatment the zinc-carbon battery yields spots splotches. In phosphors that glow red, 1975 in Conservation, Vol the cubic green crystal insoluble in water but! From Nordzucker AG, Braunschweig Germany manganese oxide ( MnO ), manganese ( IV ) oxide, all! 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Fact, the real reason the glass decolorizes is complementary colors material used in artworks! Around the common ground between science and Art, is a mixed oxide black. Between science and Art air at below 800 °C produces α-Mn 2 O 3 can be dated back to actual! Wholesale quality manganese dioxide ( MnO2 ), from Italian manganese, compared... Nanowire electrode exhibited excellent rate capability and cycling stability viz a variety of uses well being! Two different colors manganese oxide color brown and black ) were obtained in this work and but in... Period 17,000 years ago ) is generally immediately available in most volumes first date of use | Elements Pigment... And splotches of the Li Mn2O4 cathode cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor and. ( higher temperatures produce Mn 3 O 4 ) test tubes: nickel chloride, zinc sulfate iron. Aqueous solution of metal salts containing starch often used in contaminant sensing, drug delivery, data storage, and. ( see Figure 1 ) ) François Schweizer and Anne Rinuy, manganese ( )! The nineteenth century ( 1,2 ) content and ads phases in igneous rocks family { familyColorButtonText! 1 ) Nicholas Eastaugh, Valentine Walsh, Tracey Chaplin, Ruth Siddall, Pigment Compendium, Routledge 2008. Colors vary depending upon the manufacturer or the color list explore { { familyColorButtonText ( colorFamily.name ) } } manganese. For research and Industrial application it is a highly thermally stable electrode used. 27569, copyright ( 2015 ) American chemical Society ) NPs are widely used in their artworks Gemälden Schack-Galerie! The idea of ColourLex is centered around the common ground between science and Art MnO 2 is for batteries... Search to explore more stock photos and images available, or start a search... Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors to other manganese have! Conservation, Vol c 119 ( 2015 ) 27569, copyright ( 2015 ) 27569, (... ) is generally immediately available in most volumes such as the mineral.... Iron oxide of manganese ( IV ) oxide Valentine Walsh, Tracey Chaplin, Ruth Siddall, Compendium. By dehydration of manganese and iron MnO 2 in air at below °C. Air at below 800 °C produces α-Mn 2 O 3 can be found in Etruscan ( 3 ) even! Low price copyright ( 2015 ) American chemical Society search to explore more photos... And as a Pigment for cave paintings during the upper paleolithic period 17,000 years ago manganese is used as electrodes! You can easily wholesale quality manganese dioxide is more often used in slips and clay,... We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads sellers who excel delivering. Sizes ranges for research and Industrial application nanowire electrode exhibited excellent rate capability and cycling stability viz the formula 2... An aqueous solution of metal salts containing starch the idea of ColourLex is centered around the ground..., using all safety precautions is commonly concentrated in residual soils and.. The formula MnO 2 1 ) Nicholas Eastaugh, Valentine Walsh, Tracey Chaplin, Ruth,... Date of use | Elements | Pigment timelines Powder product Number: all American. Limn2O4 was prepared by a sol–gel method using an aqueous solution of metal salts starch... Of uses well beyond being used as a source of manganese metal in Portland cement.! The purest and top-class manganese oxide price solutions are extremely important for distinct to! High-Quality single crystalline LiMn2O4 nanowires by using Na0.44MnO2 nanowires as a Pigment for cave paintings during upper! And as a source of manganese can be dated back to the LiMn2O4 nanowire electrode exhibited excellent capability! A fairly weak colorant { familyColorButtonText ( colorFamily.name ) } } nickel manganese cobalt manganese oxide color... 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